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Phoenix fields teams in all four major professional sports leagues: The NFL's Arizona Cardinals, NBA's Phoenix Suns, MLB's Arizona Diamondbacks and NHL's Arizona Coyotes.

 

Arizona State History

Arizona, the Grand Canyon state, achieved statehood on February 14, 1912, the last of the 48 coterminous United States to be admitted to the union. Originally part of New Mexico, the land was ceded to the United States in 1848, and became a separate territory in 1863. Copper was discovered in 1854, and copper mining was Arizona’s premier industry until the 1950s. After World War II, the widespread availability of refrigeration and air conditioning caused Arizona’s population to boom and Phoenix to become one of the fastest growing cities in America.

Capital: Phoenix

Population: 6,392,017 (2010)

Size: 113,990 square miles

Nickname(s):Grand Canyon State

Motto: Ditat Deus (“God enriches”)

Tree: Palo Verde

Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom